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Spis artykułów:

 

1. "THE DYNAMICS OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND INCREASED EFFECTIVENESS OF INTERNATIONAL ROAD TRANSPORT IN POLAND IN 1998-2016"
Leszek Mindur

The analysis of the motor-car transport development after the transformation of the political system and economy in Poland in 1989 was made in this article. The development of domestic roads in this country with taking into account the constructed highways was also presented. Also the leading role for load carriages in the motor-car transportation was indicated. Some law provisions obligatory for transport agents on the territory of the European Union and the quantities of the transported loads and passengers in the international motor-car transport in 2003-2013 were also taken into consideration in this article. Moreover, the problems of Polish transport agents operating on the territory of the European Union were indicated.

 

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2. "APPLICATION OF ARIMA MODELS FOR THE ANALYSIS OF UTILIZATION PROCESS OF MILITARY TECHNICAL OBJECTS"
Anna Borucka

The newest solutions in Polish Armed Forces are implemented gradually and focus mainly on soldiers’ combat readiness. Many concurrent processes occur, for which proper analysis and interpretation could constitute command process and task realization support; however poor and standing (paper) record seems to be an obstacle in their modelling. Therefore the author of the article tried to depict the process of military technical objects exploitation based on archived data according to present methods of documents preparation, circuit and record, applicable in Polish Armed Forces. Based on that, the method of research the readiness of aircraft ships from military air base, powered by ARIMA model, was proposed. Using empirical data of two years of exploitation, the identification of researched time series, and then a few models estimation was made. Finally, the best model was chosen and verified.

 

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3. "THE ROLE OF LOGISTIC ENTERPRISES IN STRENGTHENING THE RESILIENCE OF SUPPLY CHAINS"
Włodzimierz Kramarz, Marzena Kramarz

The paper discusses the role of logistic enterprises, including especially the transport ones, in strengthening the resilience of supply chains. The research was carried out in the sector of metallurgic products distribution. The paper aims at building a model of strengthening the resilience of supply chains for the flow of products manufactured to order. The author proposed a research methodology involving the measurement of disruptions, the measurement of deviations, a statistical analysis and simulation modelling. In simulation modelling the author used the management system dynamics technique.

 

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4. "RISK MANAGEMENT IN A LOGISTIC ENTERPRISE"
Stanislava Strelcová, Ladislav Šimák, Jozef Ristvej

This article deals with the conceptual approach to the management of enterprises which create conditions for rationalisation and improvement of the business activities, not only in logistic enterprises. In addition to marketing, logistics, quality management and information, many companies are increasingly implementing the concept of risk management. The importance of risk management lies in its ability to influence the creative process resulting in detecting the risks and a purposeful reduction of the probability of crises. The first part of the article shows the structure of the companies whose business activities are focused on the area of logistics. In the second part relationships between risk management and other business processes that form together an integrated system of the enterprise management are characterised.

 

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5. "SIMULATION STUDY OF INVENTORY MANAGEMENT IN SUPPLY CHAINS"
Tomasz Wiśniewski

Well-organized management of a supply chain involves the control of inventory levels and fast response to the changing customer demands. Enterprises cannot cope with this problem which contributes to the growing stock levels and therefore increases costs. The main goal of the article is to present a simulation approach to the problem of inventory management in a supply chain. The work shows the use of computer simulation techniques in order to emulate a supply chain system and its stochastic behaviour. The procedure for the usage of simulation modelling was described in a case study containing an analysis of an online store. The simulation results are presented using statistical parameters, which means that managers can get not only information concerning the expected value of the parameter looking decision-making, but also statistics to the characteristics of the risk associated with the decision associated with possible uncertainty.

 

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6. "ISSUES ON SIMULATION OF THE RAILWAY ROLLING STOCK OPERATION PROCESS – A SYSTEM AND LITERATURE REVIEW"
Piotr Czaja, Franciszek J. Restel

Railway traffic simulation, taking into account operation and maintenance conditions, is not a new issue in the literature. External effects in such networks (e.g. level crossings) were not taken into account in studies. The used models do not take into account sufficiently the process of degradation and recovery of the network. From the technical side, currently carried out simulations are made using similar approaches and techniques as in the initial stage of research. Well-established work in this area could be the basis for evaluation of new solutions. However, the progress in simulation tools during the last years, especially in performance and programming architecture, attempts to create a modern simulation tool. In the paper were presented the main assumptions for the evaluated event-based simulation method, with application to stiff-track transportation networks.

 

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7. "VERIFICATION OF THE MODERNIZED TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESS THROUGH TPM INDICATORS"
Edward Michlowicz, Katarzyna Smolińska

Storage of zinc wastes is associated with a high risk of environmental pollution. The way to manage the problem is using the waste materials in the transition process, the final product of which is the zinc oxide concentrate. Transition process is technologically complex and every failure to the discipline results in a large number of unscheduled stops. Such an issue was encountered by B. Recycling. An update of environmental regulations has forced a comprehensive modernization of the technology lines used. The implementation of new solutions brought the necessity of examination and evaluation of the effectiveness of the process. In the paper the analysis conducted for this purpose are described. The elements of TPM method were selected as the test method. The OEE, MTBF and MTTR values for the individual process lines and additionally for the most problematic subassemblies were determined basing on the research and collected data.

 

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8. "TRANSPORT INTENSITY OF THE GLOBAL ECONOMY IN 1995-2015"
Maciej Mindur

Transport covers the area where mutual relations between economy and its requirements take place, and where it affects – not always in a positive way – its surrounding. Simultaneously, it is the transport that marks the direction for the infrastructure development, and hence for the whole economy. The close association between the economy and transport is confirmed by the amount of carriages in the world. The excessive increase of the transport intensity is one of the phenomena that negatively affect the economy. Expenditures incurred for the transport activities are expressed indirectly by the amount of traffic (in tonnes) and by the volume of transport performance (in tonne-km). In contrast, the effect of socio-economic activities are values of global product and national income. The article studied the transport activity in terms of volume of transport work (in tkm) total for all modes of transport, the effects of economic and social activity expressed by means of the value of gross domestic product, as well as the development of the transport intensity of national economies for the selected countries (regions) and for Poland. Analysed were both the curve with exponential functions and polynomial curves, and on their basis conclusions were drawn.

 

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9. "TRANSPORT POLICY INSTRUMENTS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSPORT"
Iwo Nowak, Anita Fajczak-Kowalska, Magdalena Kowalska

Transport brings significant social, economic, spatial and environmental effects, and thus is an important factor in the sustainability of society and the economy. The subject of the work is the sustainable development of transport, meaning socially and economically justified activities related to the creation of conditions and the implementation of environmentally friendly and human-friendly practices of facilities, equipment and other solutions that perform the functions of movement. The purpose of the study was to present the theoretical basis for the sustainable development concept, derived from the idea of sustainable development - sustainable transport, and to present goals that are to be achieved by improving sustainable transport, with the potential to contribute to a specific target by means of instruments divided into categories: economic instruments, technological instruments, legislative instruments, organizational instruments, market instruments, educational instruments.

 

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10. "TRANSCONTINENTAL CARGO FREIGHTS IN CHINA-EUROPE-CHINA RELATIONS"
Józef Perenc

In the modern world, in Europe and in Poland, many forms of cooperation between states and enterprises can be observed. Many business entities take a lot of effort to offer the most up-to-date services and to prepare sales and marketing networks ready to win on a competitive market. These processes affect transport market as well. The article focuses on global transport services, in particular on the competition in international cargo traffic on the China-Europe route. It is presented on the background of the globalization and competitive processes in transport services. The demand for transport services, resulting from rapid growth of China is discussed, with particular interest in two modes of transport: railway and sea. The article considers the conditions for China-Europe rail transport due to the recent initiatives towards building the "Silk Road". It opens new possibilities for rail transport to compete on the China - Europe route, especially considering the factor of time. The conclusions present the guidelines for further development in the area of transport services on the China-Europe route.

 

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11. "SELECTED PROBLEMS OF GOODS WAREHOUSING"
Andrzej Szymonik

This article contains information related to selected factors affecting the warehousing of goods. Physicochemical parameters such as temperature, humidity, sunlight, air that have influence (positive or negative) on the goods and people in the warehouse are identified. The next part of the article presents devices for measuring and controlling the listed parameters, with special emphasis on the CO2 and oxygen.

 

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12. "MAINTENANCE IN A PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION COMPANY IN POLAND AND IN THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA"
Agnieszka Tubis, Marta Nowakowska

The maintenance of devices is now a critical element in the functioning of manufacturing enterprises. The situation is similar in the transport industry. The technical condition of the vehicles is dependent upon operational procedures that affect the quality of services, comfort and the amount of incurred operating expenses. The aim of this paper is to compare the standards in vehicle service companies which deal with passenger transport in Poland and South Africa. In this study particular attention is paid to the influence of the human factor (passenger expectations, cultural conditions, required standards) in the implementation of this service. The authors based their research on available literature, newspaper articles, direct observation, surveys among Wroclaw’s inhabitants, and interviews with the residents of Johannesburg and the management staff of transport companies.

 

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13. "CONTEMPORARY AIR FREIGHT TRANSPORT MARKET"
Katarzyna Wąsowska, Iwo Nowak

The worldwide air freight transport is seen mostly from the angle of long-distance passenger flights. Given that, one often tends to forget the role of this transport branch in the case of commodity transport. Air freight transport is a booming branch with great development potential. This, however, is related to considerable experience and knowledge, on the part of both the carrier and the owner of goods, with regards to technical capacities of a given aircraft, maintenance costs, and rule awareness. The objective of the study is to analyse the global market of air freight transport. In view of the vast scope of the subject, the issues were presented, to a large extent, on the basis of existing airports.

 

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14. "THE REASONS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONCEPT OF GREEN PORT IN SEA PORTS OF CHINA"
Łukasz Marzantowicz, Izabela Dembińska

Increasingly, China is showing endeavours to understand the idea of sustainable development. This is evident in the policy of Chinese ports development, which assumes efforts to assign it, or at least to adapt it to conditions of the sustainable development. However, from the three optic of the sustainable development i.e. economic, social and environmental, the latter is the most visible in provisions of the policy assumptions of Chinese seaports. The purpose of this article is to point out the reasons of implementing environmental principles of the Chinese ports sustainable development. The relationship between the concept of sustainable development of the port and the green port has been characterized. The areas of a negative impact of the port on the environment are identified and described. Based on cases of Chinese ports, the key reasons why the concept green port is being implemented have been highlighted.

 

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